Many people believe that superstitions are absolutely true. This often causes them to believe and act in ways that are out of the norm either to avoid a negative outcome or to bring about a positive outcome. However, the origins of all superstitions lie in operant conditioning (for example, wearing the same shirt worn during a victory game to all future games in order to ensure victory). In this assignment, you will examine the process by which operant conditioning can lead to the formation of a superstition. Using the module readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research the development of operant conditioning and its basic principles. Then, address the following: • Describe the historical antecedents of operant conditioning. What factors led to the rise of operant conditioning? • Describe the principles/concepts which can be applied to explain the process by which operant conditioning can lead to the development and maintenance of superstitions. • Brainstorm to come up with a number of superstitions you may have heard or read about. Using your knowledge and vocabulary of operant conditioning, choose one of these superstitions. Then, describe in detail, the thinking processes involved that resulted in the acquisition and perpetuation of this irrational belief. • Describe a specific aspect of the operant conditioning process that leads to these beliefs becoming so deeply ingrained and long standing in nature. • Explain whether a person can ever be rid of superstitions. What methods can be used to help such a person? • Interview a family member or friend to discover a superstition that he or she believes in. Explain the nature of the event that led to the formation of this superstition. Does this information fit with your understanding of how the operant conditioning process results in the development of superstitions? Why or why not? Write a 3–4-page paper in Word format. The paper should be double-spaced and in 12 point, Times New Roman font with regular one-inch margins and free of typographical and grammatical errors. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Be sure to include a title page and a reference page. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc.
Complete the University of Phoenix Material: Week Two Worksheet. You must include citations for questions requiring written answers (ie, re: adversarial system and inchoate offenses).
For the section where you are to “explain the citations”, this means you are to find the citations for each case (in the chapters where the cases are located). You are then to explain what each part of the citation means. For example, if the citation is 23 U.S. 1081 (2001), what is the significance of the 23? And the U.S.? And the 1081? And the 2001? And which court is deciding this case?
Review your Problem Evaluation Paper from Week Two. Select one of your possible solutions for the problem you identified.
Write a 750- to 1,050-word paper in which you explain how you would develop a budget for that solution. Use the information from this week’s readings to develop a possible line-item budget to fund the program.
Format your resources consistent with APA guidelines.
Select one social institution (e.g., family, religion, education, or government) and briefly describe how this social institution contributes to the transmission of society’s values.
Identify a problem that affects your community.
You are a teacher in a 4-year-old classroom and begin each day with your daily health and wellness check. You notice that a child who is dropped off looks very tired and is uncommonly quiet as she walks into the classroom. She was dropped off by bus so you have no additional information.
Given the above scenario, choose one of the following possible causes for the change in the child. Please indicate the cause you selected in the subject line of your discussion post. Sickness/Illness Trauma Abuse Oral Health Issue: Tooth ache, poor oral health Nutritional Concern: Inadequate nutritional intake, food allergy, food intolerance Hearing Concern: Ear Infection, ear ache Vision Concern: Eye infection Social-Emotional Issue Examples of some of these common situations are described further in Chapter 7. After you select one of these as a possible cause for the child’s change in demeanor, use your imagination to develop it further discussing what you may see when you conduct your observation of the child. Be mindful to detail what you might look for and how you will document your observations. Based on your fictitious observation, create a plan of action for how to proceed. This plan should include both immediate and long-term actions that you will take.
Address the following points in your discussion: Fictitious elaboration of what you observe in the child including the possible cause. Include enough so that you can make a plan of action
Short-term plan of action detailing the procedure of how you will address the issue immediately or by the end of the day
Long-term plan of action detailing the procedure of how you will follow-up your short-term plan of action
Specific discussion regarding how you will support the child during this time
A stream of humid air containing 1.00 mole% water vapor and the balance dry air is to be humidified to a water content of 10.00 mole% water vapor. To achieve this liquid water is fed through a flow meter and evaporated into the air stream. The flowmeter reading R is 95. The only calibration data available are that readings of R = 15 and R = 50 correspond to liquid water flow rates of 40 ft3 /hr and 96.9 ft3 /hr, respectively. a. Assuming the process is working correctly, draw and label a flow sheet, do a degree of freedom analysis, and determine the molar flow rate of humid air (lbmole/hr). b. If it were found that the outlet air actually contained 7% water instead of the desired 10% list reasons why this might be so, concentrating on assumptions made in part a) above that might not be true in “real life.
Discussion topic: Role of Advertising Assume that you are going to start a small business of your own. Further, imagine that you are able to adequately differentiate your product, or service so that you can establish your business as a monopolistically competitive firm.
Describe the business and its likely main competitors. How would you structure your advertising and customer service to differentiate your product/service? How easy would it be for new competitors to enter your market and erode your customer base or selling price? What would be your prognosis for the long term profitability of such a business? What could you do to protect that long term profit stream?