You are an economist for the Vanda-Laye Corporation, which produces and distributes outdoor cooking supplies. The company has come under new ownership and management and will be undergoing changes in its product lines and operating structure. As an economist, your responsibilities include examining the market factors that affect success or failure of a product, including the supply and demand for the product, market conditions, and the behavior of competitors with similar products.

 

The new owners are evaluating the operating structure, and you have two possible alternatives. One alternative requires a high level of investment in fixed costs compared to the other alternative. Jorge, your supervisor, has assigned you the task of evaluating the two alternatives.

Assume that the company has no debt. Regardless of the alternative selected, market conditions will require the selling price of the product to be $3.45 per unit. The details for each alternative are given in the table.

Alternative 1 Alternative 2 Variable costs $2.20 $2.70 Fixed costs $80,000 $30,000 Total assets $350,000 $350,000

Jorge has asked you to provide detailed responses to the following questions: •How does CVP analysis help management in the planning stage of a new business? How does CVP analysis assist the decision makers of an existing business? •What is the break-even quantity for each of the investment alternatives, calculated using an algebraic approach? Complete the tables for each alternative using the Microsoft Excel Template given below and indicate the break-even points. Using Microsoft Excel, graph the relevant data, showing the break-even points and the profit levels for each alternative. Explain the differences between the two alternatives. •What is the degree of operating leverage (DOL) for each alternative at 90,000 units? •What is the significance of different DOLs using this example? •What does the return on equity (ROE) ratio tell management? How is it used in the decision-making process? •What is the ROE under each alternative at an output level of 124,000 for Alternative 1 and 60,000 for Alternative 2? (As the company has no debt, the formula for ROE becomes profit/assets. Use this formula.) Explain the reason for and significance of your answers. •Which alternative would you recommend to the company? Explain the pros and cons of each alternative and the reasons for your selection.

Click here to download the Microsoft Excel Template for this week. This includes two Sheets, one for each alternative.

Submission Details: •Compile your calculations and graph in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet named as SU_MBA5004_W3_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.xls and your analysis in a Microsoft Word document named as SU_MBA5004_W3_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.

WEEK 4 Assignment 2: Quantitative Exercises

Your consulting firm was just granted an exclusive contract for your state. You now must decide your pricing policy, given the following relationships:

P = $1400 – 0.0004Q

MR = $1400 – 0.0008Q

AVC = $1000

where P is the price, Q the quantity, and AVC the average variable cost.

The firm will encounter no fixed costs, and all revenue is after taxes. As your firm has been granted an exclusive contract, your pricing and output decisions will be those of a monopolist.

Tasks: 1.Using the data above, calculate the output the firm will provide. 2.Determine the price at this output level. 3.Complete the Microsoft Excel Template given below using the data in the problem. 4.Check whether your data is consistent with your calculations in question 1. Why or why not? 5.Now assume that the state decides to give as many contracts as it can for the same activity, so your firm is now operating in a perfectly competitive market. How will your price and output decisions change? Explain the differences and why these changes happened.

Click here to download the Microsoft Excel Template for this week.

Submission Details: •Compile your calculations and graph in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet named as SU_MBA5004_W4_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.xls and your analysis in a Microsoft Word document named as SU_MBA5004_W4_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.

WEEK 5 Assignment 2: Final Project: Part 3

Final Project Scenario

You are an economist for the Vanda-Laye Corporation, which produces and distributes outdoor cooking supplies. The company has come under new ownership and management and will be undergoing changes in its product lines and operating structure. As an economist, your responsibilities include examining the market factors that affect success or failure of a product, including the supply and demand for the product, market conditions, and the behavior of competitors with similar products.

The new management has identified several possible investments for the coming year. It has asked you and your team to evaluate the possibilities and make a recommendation to the board of directors. Jorge has identified two mutually exclusive opportunities (Investment A) and two independent opportunities (Investment B) and assigned you the task of making a recommendation on the investments.

Investment A

Your company would like to increase its product lines. Two alternatives are available, a new line of outdoor smokers and a new line of outdoor grills. The two lines are mutually exclusive, meaning that only one of these investment alternatives can be selected. The projected cash flows and their respective probabilities for each alternative are given in the table. There are three possible levels of demand and their corresponding probabilities, which depend on the state of the economy.

Click here to download the table for Investment A.

The two alternatives carry equal risk and should be evaluated at the company’s cost of capital. The cost for the new smoker line will be $7,000,000. Also, the company has been guaranteed a buyer for the new line at the end of the fifth year. The buyer has agreed to purchase the new line for $7,900,000. The outdoor grill alternative will cost $3,987,000 and also has a guaranteed buyer, who has agreed to pay $4,000,000 at the end of the fifth year.

Investment B

Investment B involves two independent investment opportunities. The decisions on these two investment alternatives are also independent of Investment A. Investment B-1 involves a new packaging machine, which will eliminate the need for a local firm for packaging Vanda-Laye’s products. The cost of this machine will be $24,000, and the expected revenues from this opportunity are given in the table and are considered to be of average risk. Investment B-2 is the purchase of a new computer system that will allow the company to sell its products on the Internet worldwide. The cost of this new system will be $29,000, with the expected cash flows after taxes given in the table.

Click here to download the table for Investment B.

Jorge has asked you to provide detailed responses to the following: •Management of Vanda-Laye has determined that the capital structure of the company will involve 30% debt and 70% common equity. This structure will be used to finance all investments by the company. Currently, the company can sell new bonds at par, with a coupon rate of 7%. Any new common stock can be sold for $45, with a required return (or cost) of 15.57%. Using Microsoft Excel, calculate the company’s cost of capital to be used in the evaluation of possible investment projects. •For Investment A: ◦Using Microsoft Excel, create a decision tree. Indicate the various levels of demand and their respective probabilities. Also, include the calculations for the expected cash flows. ◦Calculate the expected NPV for each alternative. Explain the decision rules for making a selection between the two alternatives on the basis of the expected NPV. ◦Assuming the two alternatives are mutually exclusive, specify which alternative you would recommend to the company. Explain why. ◦If the two alternatives were independent of each other, specify which project you would select. Would you accept both projects if funding were available for both? Explain your answer. •For Investment B: ◦Using Microsoft Excel, calculate the NPV for each alternative. ◦Using the decision-making criteria for the NPV, specify which alternative you would select if the two alternatives were mutually exclusive. Explain your answer. ◦Given that the two alternatives are independent of each other, specify which investment you would select, if not both. Explain your answer. ◦Using Microsoft Excel, calculate the IRR for each investment. ◦Using the decision-making criteria for the IRR, specify which alternative you would prefer. Explain your answer. ◦If funding were available, specify whether you would select both investments. Why or why not? ◦Calculate the profitability index (PI) for the two investments. Which project is preferred? ◦Determine whether there is a ranking conflict present in terms of the IRR and the NPV. Explain your answer. If a conflict does exist, explain how you would resolve the situation.

Submission Details: •Compile a report including all your responses from Weeks 1, 3, and 5. Make sure your report reads as one report rather than three reports pasted together. Complete all revisions suggested by your instructor in previous weeks. Make sure all responses are complete and accurate, supported by references and documented examples. The report should be 10–15 pages in length and include an executive summary. •Name the spreadsheet as SU_MBA5004_W5_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.xls and your Microsoft Word document as SU_MBA5004_W5_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc

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Graphical displays are used to provide the viewer information that illustrates qualitative or quantitative information about the data set under review. After reading the assigned sections in Chapter 2 (2.1, 2.2, 2.4), please provide an example of where you think a graphical display could be used incorrectly. What ramification(s) do you think could result from the graphical display in your example being used incorrectly?

Please use your own words when answering the discussion question and cite any references you may be using, especially if you are using a picture or data from an outside source. Also, make sure to contribute with the class discussion by responding to at least two classmates.

REQUIREMENTS Response is clear, consistent and appropriate (at least 100 words): 2

need a response to this student who wrote the following

Often times graphs can be misleading because the creator or publisher wants to sway people to believe what they want them to believe. In the photo I have attatched (Schiavo, 2014) it may seem that far more Democrats agreed with the issue at hand than both Republicas and Independents. That is where this graph becomes misleading, because with closer look you can see that only four more Democrats agreed than Republicans or Independents. If the graph had started 0 and had proper spaces between the intervals it would have been much less misleading. This type of graph can have many ramifications, for example if the topic of the graph was very important many people may get upset due to the fact that so “many” people didn’t agree with their veiwpoint. It may cause people to feel that their political party, or their representatives, are not agreeing with their stances on subjects that are important to them. It is very important to present information in a way that makes it clear to see what is really going on.

Outline a plan that managers in the low-calorie, frozen microwaveable food company could follow in anticipation of raising prices when selecting pricing strategies for making their products response to a change in price less elastic. Provide a rationale for your response.

** Original work needed

** Please use the following as one of the refrerences:

McGuigan, J. R. (2014). Managerial Economics: Applications, Strategies and Tactics, 13th Edition. [VitalSource Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved fromhttps://strayer.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781305562066/

 

Assignment 3: Long-Term Investment Decisions
Due Week 9 and worth 300 points

Assume that the low-calorie frozen, microwavable food company from Assignments 1 and 2 wants to expand and has to make some long-term capital budgeting decisions. The company is currently facing increases in the costs of major ingredients.

Use the Internet and Strayer databases to research government policies and regulation.

Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

  1. Outline a plan that managers in the low-calorie, frozen microwaveable food company could follow in anticipation of raising prices when selecting pricing strategies for making their products response to a change in price less elastic. Provide a rationale for your response.
  2. Examine the major effects that government policies have on production and employment. Predict the potential effects that government policies could have on your company.
  3. Determine whether or not government regulation to ensure fairness in the low-calorie, frozen microwavable food industry is needed. Cite the major reasons for government involvement in a market economy. Provide two (2) examples of government involvement in a similar market economy to support your response.
  4. Examine the major complexities that would arise under expansion via capital projects. Propose key actions that the company could take in order to prevent or address these complexities.
  5. Suggest the substantive manner in which the company could create a convergence between the interests of stockholders and managers. Indicate the most likely impact to profitability of such a convergence. Provide two (2) examples of instances that support your response.
  6. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note:Wikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Write a seven to eight (7-8) page paper in which you: Determine the key factors contributing to the failure in question. Next, analyze how the failure impacted both the organization’s operations and patient information protection and privacy. Analyze the leadership team’s reaction to the failure, and indicate whether the leadership took sufficient measures to deal with various stakeholder groups impacted by the failure. Provide support for the rationale. Take a position on whether the health care provider that you identified should either develop a custom application or select a proprietary system. Provide support for the rationale. Recommend at least three (3) best practices that any organization could adopt in order to avoid such a failure in the future

Write a seven to eight (7-8) page paper in which you: Determine the key factors contributing to the failure in question. Next, analyze how the failure impacted both the organization’s operations and patient information protection and privacy. Analyze the leadership team’s reaction to the failure, and indicate whether the leadership took sufficient measures to deal with various stakeholder groups impacted by the failure. Provide support for the rationale. Take a position on whether the health care provider that you identified should either develop a custom application or select a proprietary system. Provide support for the rationale. Recommend at least three (3) best practices that any organization could adopt in order to avoid such a failure in the future. Provide support for the recommendation. Suggest how health care leaders can use project metrics and portfolio management to ensure operational efficiency and effectiveness. Provide specific examples to support the response. Analyze a government intervention into health care businesses, meant to ensure that health care and patient information is secure and thus to minimize information breaches and technology failures. Argue for or against such intervention. Support the position. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: Demonstrate an understanding of the systems development life cycle as it pertains to both the development of a custom application and the selection of proprietary systems. Assess the need for and determine the methods of accomplishing the security of information systems. Use technology and information resources to research issues in health information systems. Write clearly and concisely about health information systems using proper writing mechanics.

describing an actual problem in your office, school, church, or volunteer organization that you do not have the authority to correct, (2) identifying the specific decision maker (by name and position) who can act on a researched report you propose to write.

Write a memorandum addressed to ME: (1) describing an actual problem in your office, school, church, or volunteer organization that you do not have the authority to correct, (2) identifying the specific decision maker (by name and position) who can act on a researched report you propose to write. (3) your proposed solution, (4) including a list in MLA Works Cited format of at least three of your required eight specific sources (not just a litany of generic excuses such as, “I plan to use articles from the newspaper and the web”), and (5) a Gantt Chart depicting the timing of YOUR expected progress on the problem-solving researched proposal you are asking permission to pursue as the final paper in this course. (Instructions for creating a Gantt Chart are included in the Week 2 Discussion area). Use the underlined words/phrases in the numbered list in this paragraph as the headings in the body of this memorandum to me. Include an introductory paragraph explaining why you are writing, and a conclusion with a clear call to action or request. Grading criteria: • Describes the problem or project you want to work on and explain its significance • Explains your proposed solution in adequate detail • Describes the benefits of your research to your organization • At least three appropriate sources in MLA format • Summarizes research from your cited sources • Correct Gantt Chart depicting the steps and sequencing you will take to develop Paper 7 with adequate detail • Uses emphatic, concise, fluent sentences • Contains no proofreading errors Sample Topics for Final Project (Paper 7) Here are a few topics for which students have written successful final reports in the past. Hopefully they will help give you some ideas for your own topic. Please note that each of these topics deals with a specific problem or issue in a specific school, church, organization, etc. with which the student is personally involved. Again: The issue or problem you address should be a LOCAL problem for which your report might actually do some good in your workplace, school, church, educational institution, non-profit organization, etc. You cannot solve the national debt crisis or issues such as immigration, abortion, or climate change with a brief class project. Again, look around you and find a LOCAL problem to research and analyze and propose a solution for — one that has a SPECIFIC decision maker (not the Congress, or the “Government” or “our company/community should”). Examples Problem: Many students at YOUR school are financially “illiterate” and often make unwise choices and decisions about money. Proposed solution: Implementation of a Personal Finance Education Workshop at XXX University Intended audience: Student Development Director, Counseling or Career Center Director

Reliability and Validity in Quantitative Research Using a quantitative article that you previously selected, post the following information: • Describe the variables used in the research and how they were measured. Describe any assessments that were used. • Discuss the types of reliability that were reported for the measurement instrument (test-retest, inter-rater, parallel forms, split-half) and validity (content, construct, criterion)

Reliability and Validity in Quantitative Research Using a quantitative article that you previously selected, post the following information: • Describe the variables used in the research and how they were measured. Describe any assessments that were used. • Discuss the types of reliability that were reported for the measurement instrument (test-retest, inter-rater, parallel forms, split-half) and validity (content, construct, criterion). • Using your textbook and the quantitative validity article assigned in this unit’s studies, linked in Resources, construct an external validity checklist and an internal validity checklist, noting how your selected article did address or could have addressed each issue. • Discuss how the reliability and validity in the research contribute to the scientific merit of the research. • Post the persistent link for the article in your response. Refer to the Persistent Links and DOIs guide, linked in Resources, to learn how to locate this information in the library databases. • Cite all sources in APA style and provide an APA-formatted reference list at the end of your post.

Demonstrate how the case can be examined through the lens of the ARPP model and through the characteristics of action research as described by your Action Research text.

Write a paper, critically analyzing the planning process of the Harlem Children’s Zone (HCZ) case study. In your paper, complete the following:

Demonstrate how the case can be examined through the lens of the ARPP model and through the characteristics of action research as described by your Action Research text.

Focus your analysis on questions derived from Stage 3 of the ARPP multimedia piece and from Box 6.1 on page 185 of your Action Research text.

Consider any ways in which being a cooperative project between local government and education affected the planning process.