Determine the best investment, using the following decision criteria. a. Maximax b. Maximin c. Minimax regret

Investment
Weather Conditions
Shortage
Stable Supply
Surplus
Motel
$-7,500
$12,000
$23,000
Restaurant
3000
7,000
6,500
Theater
5000
6,000
4,000
Determine the best investment, using the following decision criteria.
a. Maximax
b. Maximin
c. Minimax regret
d. Hurwicz (α = 0.4)
e. Equal likelihood
2. A concessions manager at the Tech versus A&M football game must decide whether to have the vendors sell sun visors or umbrellas. There is a 35% chance of rain, a 25% chance of overcast skies, and a 40% chance of sunshine, according to the weather forecast in college junction, where the game is to be held. The manager estimates that the following profits will result from each decision, given each set of weather conditions:
MAT540 Homework
Week 2
Page 2 of 4
Decision
Weather Conditions
Rain
0.35
Overcast
0.25
Sunshine
0.40
Sun visors
$-400
$-200
$1,500
Umbrellas
2,100
0
-800
a. Compute the expected value for each decision and select the best one.
b. Develop the opportunity loss table and compute the expected opportunity loss for each decision.
3. Place-Plus, a real estate development firm, is considering several alternative development projects. These include building and leasing an office park, purchasing a parcel of land and building an office building to rent, buying and leasing a warehouse, building a strip mall, and selling condominiums. The financial success of these projects depends on interest rate movement in the next 5 years. The various development projects and their 5- year financial return (in $1,000,000s) given that interest rates will decline, remain stable, or increase, are in the following payoff table. Place-Plus real estate development firm has hired an economist to assign a probability to each direction interest rates may take over the next 5 years. The economist has determined that there is a 0.45 probability that interest rates will decline, a 0.35 probability that rates will remain stable, and a 0.2 probability that rates will increase.
a. Using expected value, determine the best project.
b. Determine the expected value of perfect information.
Project
Interest Rate
Decline
Stable
Increase
Office park
$0.4
$1.55
$3.5
Office building
2.5
1.8
2.75
Warehouse
1.7
1.45
1.5
Mall
0.8
2.3
3.5
Condominiums
3.2
1.5
0.5
MAT540 Homework
Week 2
Page 3 of 4
4. The director of career advising at Orange Community College wants to use decision analysis to provide information to help students decide which 2-year degree program they should pursue. The director has set up the following payoff table for six of the most popular and successful degree programs at OCC that shows the estimated 5-Year gross income ($) from each degree for four future economic conditions:
Degree Program
Economic Conditions
Recession
Average
Good
Robust
Graphic design
150,000
175,000
220,000
200,000
Nursing
160,000
180,000
205,000
215,000
Real estate
125,000
165,000
220,000
210,000
Medical technology
135,000
180,000
210,000
270,000
Culinary technology
110,000
145,000
235,000
205,000
Computer information technology
130,000
150,000
190,000
245,000
Determine the best degree program in terms of projected income, using the following decision criteria:
a. Maximax
b. Maximin
c. Equal likelihood
d. Hurwicz (α=0.4)
5. Construct a decision tree for the following decision situation and indicate the best decision.
Fenton and Farrah Friendly, husband-and-wife car dealers, are soon going to open a new dealership. They have three offers: from a foreign compact car company, from a U.S. producer of full-sized cars, and from a truck company. The success of each type of dealership will depend on how much gasoline is going to be available during the next few years. The profit from each type of dealership, given the availability of gas, is shown in the following payoff table:
MAT540 Homework
Week 2
Page 4 of 4
Dealership
Gasoline Availability
Shortage
0.7
Surplus
0.3
Compact cars
$25,000
$150,000
Full-sized cars
-90,000
650,000
Trucks
125,000
170,000
Decision Tree diagram to complete:
1
2
3
4
Compact cars
Full-sized cars
Trucks
Shortage 0.7
Surplus 0.3
Shortage 0.7
Surplus 0.3
Surplus 0.3
Shortage 0.7
$250,000
$150,000
-$90,000
$650,000
$125,000
$170,000

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