Analyze the arguments on media bias in both the Kiener and Levendusky articles.

ASSIGNMENT: Analyze the arguments on media bias in both the Kiener and Levendusky articles.


  1. PURPOSE: Compare and contrast how two different authors from the same discipline express their conclusions in scholarly articles. Ultimately, this assignment is to help you identify an author’s main point and better express claims inyour own writing.


III.       INSTRUCTIONS: Analyze how each author either explicitly or implicitly states their respective conclusions. Describe how each author leads the reader to understand the main point of the article. For instance, does the author clearly and directly state the conclusion to the reader? Or do they rely on tone, word choice, inferences, and structure to subtly reveal a conclusion? Draw on our class discussions, readings, and written assignments to guide your writing. Do not use personal pronouns in your analysis. Include a list of References with bibliography entries for both articles (do not include annotations).


  1. FORMAT AND LENGTH: APA, typed, double-spaced, 12-point font, Times New Roman, and 3-4 pages (not including Title and Reference pages). Include the following components in your paper:


First Paragraph (3-5 Sentences)

  • Introduces the concepts of argumentation and media bias
  • Describes how the authors reach similar, compatible, divergent, or distinct arguments
  • Explains the difference between implicit and explicit expressions
  • Includes a thesis sentence that states Kiener’s argument is implicit, while Levendusky’s is explicit

Body (3-4 Paragraphs)

  • Includes one paragraph that conducts a point-by-point analysis of each source
  • Includes separate paragraphs that conduct individual block analyses of each source, and

–          Establish that Kiener’s argument is implicit

–          Analyze how use of tone and/or word choice reveals the author’s position

–          Describe Kiener’s use of analogy between time periods to reveal an argument

–          Use terms/phrases indicating “implicit” (i.e. indirect, subtle, subliminal, without saying, etc)

–          Relate analysis of Kiener back to thesis sentence

–          Establish that Levendusky’s argument is explicit

–          Recognize that Levendusky restates the argument throughout

–          Use terms/phrases indicating “explicit” (i.e. direct, clearly, expressly, makes known, etc)

–          Relates analysis of Levendusky back to thesis sentence

Summary Paragraph (3-5 Sentences)

  • Reiterates the thesis sentence
  • Ties together the various aspects of the essay
  • Ends on a philosophical note, or point for further inquiry


  1. GRADE: This assignment is worth 10% of your overall course grade. Your work will be evaluated on the following criteria.
  • Ability to clearly:

–          Analyze how both authors’ expressions are different and/or similar;

–          Provide persuasive and logical support for your positions or points of view;

–          Explain the difference between implicit and explicit expression of ideas; and

–          Articulate a clear thesis argument and maintain focus throughout the paper.


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